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Taken 9-Feb-10
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Keywords:Rincon De La Vieja National Park, costa rica
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Dimensions3163 x 2119
Original file size1.93 MB
Image typeJPEG
Color spaceUncalibrated
Date modified9-Feb-10 19:59
Chirripo Peak

Chirripo Peak

Cerro Chirripó is the highest mountain in Costa Rica, with an elevation of 3,820 metres (12,533 ft). It is located in the Chirripó National Park and is noted for its ecological wealth. The high peaks in this and La Amistad International Park host important areas of Talamancan montane forest and Costa Rican Páramo with high endemism and an extremely high biodiversity. The peaks of these mountains, because of their height, constitute sky islands for many species of plants and animals. Snow has never fallen on the peak in the past 100 years or so, according to the University of Costa Rica, but hail is reported sometimes.
The great height of Cerro Chirripó relative to its surroundings is also evidenced by its particularly high topographic prominence of 3,727 m (12,228 ft),[1]which makes it the 38th most prominent peak in the world.
From the summit it is possible on clear days to see all across the country from coast to coast, from the Pacific Ocean to the Caribbean Sea.

The term páramo can refer to a variety of alpine tundra ecosystems. Some ecologists describe the páramo broadly as “all high, tropical, montane vegetation above the continuous timberline”. A more narrow term classifies the páramo according to its regional placement - specifically located in “the northern Andes of South America and adjacent southern Central America”. The páramo is the ecosystem of the regions above the continuous forest line, yet below the permanent snowline. It is a “Neotropical high mountain biome with a vegetation composed mainly of giant rosette plants, shrubs and grasses”